Thermophysical Properties of Molten Stainless Steel Containing 5 mass % B4C

Hiroyuki Fukuyama, Hideo Higashi, Hidemasa Yamano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


An electromagnetic levitation technique performed in a static magnetic field was used to measure density, surface tension, normal spectral emissivity, heat capacity, and thermal conductivity of molten 316L stainless steel (SS316L) and SS316L that contained 5 mass % B4C. The addition of 5 mass % B4C to the SS316L yielded reductions of 111 K, 6%, 19%, and 6% in the liquidus temperature, density, normal spectral emissivity, and thermal conductivity at the liquidus temperature of the SS316L, respectively. The heat capacity increased by 5% with this addition. Although the addition of 5 mass % B4C had no clear effect on the surface tensin, sulfur dissolved in the SS316L caused a significant decrease in the surface tension.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1154-1163
Number of pages10
JournalNuclear Technology
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Density
  • heat capacity
  • normal spectral emissivity
  • surface tension
  • thermal conductivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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