Coffee grounds are deemed to be difficult for degradation by thermophilic anaerobic process. In this research, a 7L AnMBR accepting coffee grounds was operated for 82days and failed with pH dropping to 6.6. The deficiency of micronutrients in the reactor was identified. The system was recovered by supplying micronutrient, pH adjustment and influent ceasing for 22days. In the subsequent 160days of co-digestion experiment, waste activated sludge (15% in the mixture) was mixed into coffee grounds. The COD conversion efficiency of 67.4% was achieved under OLR of 11.1kg-COD/m3d and HRT of 20days. Tannins was identified affecting protein degradation by a batch experiment. Quantitative supplements of NH4HCO3 (0.12g-N/g-TSin) were effective to maintain alkalinity and pH. The solid concentration in the AnMBR reached 75g/L, but it did not significantly affect membrane filtration under a flux of 5.1L/m2h. Soluble carbohydrate, lipid and protein were partially retained by the membrane.
- Anaerobic co-digestion
- Coffee grounds
- Membrane reactor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Engineering
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Waste Management and Disposal