We have fabricated a polycrystalline BiFeO3 (BFO) film with a thickness of 650nm on a Pt/Ti/SiO2/Si substrate by a chemical solution deposition method, and its optical and thermooptic properties were evaluated by spectroscopic ellipsometry. The optical band gap energy of the BFO film was 2.95 eV at 50°C and monotonically decreased with increasing temperature to 2.79 eV at 530°C. The extinction coefficient was significantly low at a wavelength longer than 600nm in the temperature range from 50 to 530°C. The refractive index of the BFO film was estimated to be 2.96 at 600nm and 2.68 at 1550nm at 50°C using a single Gaussian oscillator, and a thermooptic coefficient of 0.8 × 10-4 K-1 was obtained at a wavelength of 1550 nm. Although the refractive index decreased with increasing temperature at all wavelengths, the variation was larger at shorter wavelengths. This seems to be caused by the combination of broadening in the Gaussian oscillator vibration and thermal expansion.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)