Thermoelectricity of CaIrO3 ceramics prepared by spark plasma sintering

Nittaya Keawprak, Rong Tu, Takashi Goto

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11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Polycrystalline bulk CaIrO3 as a main phase with minor phases of IrO2 and/or Ca2IrO4 was prepared by spark plasma sintering (SPS) at 1273 K. Metastable CaIrO3 with a perovskite-type structure (pv-CaIrO3) formed by heat-treatment at 1273 K for 43.2 ks and transformed into a post-perovskite structure (ppv-CaIrO3) by heat-treatment at 1273 K for 259.2 ks. The electrical conductivity (σ) of the pv-CaIrO3 specimen decreased from 1.74 × 104 to 1.45 × 104 Sm-1, while the σ of the ppv-CaIrO3 specimen increased from 5.0 × 101 to 9.8 × 102 Sm-1 with increasing temperature from 298 to 1023 K. The Seebeck coefficient (σ) of the pv-CaIrO3 specimen was around - 44 μVK-1 at room temperature and increase to the highest value of 40 μVK-1 at 1023 K. The S of the ppv-CaIrO3 specimen decreased with increasing temperature and had an almost constant value of about 60 μVK-1 above 600 K. The thermal conductivity (κ) of the ppv-CaIrO3 specimen decreased from 2.7 to 1.2 Wm-1K-1 and that of the pv-CaIrO3 specimen decreased from 1.5 to 1.2 Wm-1K -1 with increasing temperature from 298 to 1023 K. The highest dimensionless figure of merit values (ZT) of the pv-CaIrO3 and the ppv-CaIrO3 specimens were 0.02 and 0.003 at 1023 K, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)466-469
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the Ceramic Society of Japan
Volume117
Issue number1364
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Apr

Keywords

  • Calcium Iridium oxide
  • Spark plasma sintering
  • Thermoelectric materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry

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