Thermoelectric properties of Sr-Ru-O compounds prepared by spark plasma sintering

Nittaya Keawprak, Rong Tu, Takashi Goto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sr-Ru-O in the ratio of Ru to Sr (RRu/Sr) from 0.5 to 1.2 were prepared by spark plasma sintering (SPS) and the effect of composition on the electrical conductivity (σ), thermal conductivity (κ) and Seebeck coefficient (S) was investigated. All compositions yielded dense sintered mass with around 90-100% of a theoretical density. SrRuO3 and Sr 2RuO4 in a single phase were obtained at RRu/Sr = 1.0 and 0.5, respectively. The second phases were identified, i.e., RuO 2 and Ru at RRu/Sr > 10 and Sr3Ru 2O7 and Sr2RuO4 at RRu/Sr < 1.0. The σ increased with increasing RRu/Sr in the R Ru/Sr range from 0.8 to 1.2 at room temperature exhibiting a metallic behavior, whereas the a showed a semiconducting behavior at RRu/Sr = 0.5. The κ was around 2 to 7 Wm-1 K-1 at R Ru/Sr = 0.8 to 1.2 at room temperature and slightly increased with increasing temperature and RRu/Sr. The κ decreased with increasing temperature at RRu/Sr= 0.5. The S was around 25-40μVK-1 at room temperature, almost independent of compositions. The S slightly decreased with temperature at RRu/Sr = 0.8 to 1.0, whereas the S increased with temperature and showed a maximum around 500 to 600 K at RRu/Sr = 1.2. The S significantly decreased with increasing temperature at RRu/Sr = 0.5. The highest demensionless figure of merit (ZT) was 0.06 at RRu/Sr = 1.2 at 600 K.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)600-604
Number of pages5
JournalMaterials Transactions
Volume49
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Mar

Keywords

  • Spark plasma sintering
  • Strontium ruthenate
  • Thermoelectricity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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