Thermodynamic properties of titanium and iron in molten silicon

Takahiro Miki, Kazuki Morita, Nobuo Sano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)


Titanium and iron in silicon are known as harmful "lifetime killer" impurities, which shorten the lifetime of excited carriers in silicon solar cell and disturb power generation. Therefore, the removal of titanium and iron is one of the most important topics for the production of solar grade silicon. Thermodynamic properties of titanium and iron in molten silicon were determined at 1723 K by equilibrating molten silicon-titanium alloys or molten silicon-iron alloys with molten lead, which has a limited mutual solubility for both alloys. The activity coefficients of infinite dilution, self-interaction coefficients of titanium and iron in molten silicon, and the Gibbs energy change of mixing for silicontitanium and silicon-iron at 1723 K relative to pure liquid silicon, titanium, and iron were determined.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)861-867
Number of pages7
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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