Thermodynamic effect on rotating cavitation in an inducer

Yoshiki Yoshida, Yoshifumi Sasao, Mitsuo Watanabe, Tomoyuki Hashimoto, Yuka Iga, Toshiaki Ikohagi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Rotating cavitation in inducers is known as one type of cavitation instability, in which an uneven cavity pattern propagates in the same direction as the rotor with a propagating speed ratio of 1.0-1.2. On the other hand, cavitation in cryogenic fluids has a thermodynamic effect because of the thermal imbalance around the cavity. To investigate the influence of the thermodynamic effect on rotating cavitation, we conducted experiments in which liquid nitrogen was set at different temperatures (74 K, 78 K and 83 K) with a focus on the cavity length. At higher cavitation numbers, supersynchronous rotating cavitation occurred at the critical cavity length of Lc/h & cong 0.5 with a weak thermodynamic effect in terms of the fluctuation of cavity length. In contrast, synchronous rotating cavitation occurred at the critical cavity length of Lc/h≅9-1.0 with a strong thermodynamic effect in terms of the unevenness of cavity length. Furthermore, we confirmed that the amplitude of the shaft vibration depended on the degree of the unevenness of the cavity length through the thermodynamic effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2091-2098
Number of pages8
JournalNihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B
Volume74
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Oct
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cavitation
  • Cryogenics
  • Flow instability
  • Fluid force
  • Inducer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering

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