We here report on the thermodynamics of the hydrogen bond-mediated binding of 2-amino-7-methyl-1,8-naphthyridine (AMND) to a cytosine base opposite an abasic site (AP site) in a 21-meric DNA duplex (5'-GCA GCT CCC GXG GTC TCC TCG-3'/3'-CGT CGA GGG CCC CAG AGG AGC-5', X= AP site, C = target). The examination by fluorescence titration experiments shows a 1:1 binding constant of 2.7x10(6) M(-1) at 20 degrees C in solutions containing 110 mM Na(+) (pH 7.0). From the analysis of salt dependence of binding constants, polyelectrolyte (DeltaG(pe)) and non-polyelectrolyte (DeltaG(t)) contributions are calculated as -1.7 kcal/mol and -6.9 kcal/mol, respectively, at 110 mM Na(+) concentration. The binding enthalpy determined by isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) is -18.5 kcal/mol in 110 mM Na(+) at 20 degrees C. We discuss these results with a view towards further development of our ligand-based fluorescence assay for SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphisms) typing.
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