Thermodynamic calculation of phase equilibria of the Bi-Sn-Zn system

Dmitri V. Malakhov, Xing Jun Liu, Ikuo Ohnuma, Kiyohito Ishida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


A thermodynamic assessment of the Bi-Sn-Zn ternary system was carried out by considering the experimental data including the phase equilibria and thermodynamic properties on the basis of the CALPHAD method. A set of optimized thermodynamic parameters has been obtained, which leads to a very good fit between calculation and experiments. In particular, the thermodynamic calculations in the Sn-rich portion are presented in view of the recent progress in Pb-free solder alloys.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)514-520
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Phase Equilibria
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Dec

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Metals and Alloys


Dive into the research topics of 'Thermodynamic calculation of phase equilibria of the Bi-Sn-Zn system'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this