Thermodynamic analysis of chemical states of fission products in uranium-zirconium hydride fuel

Jintao Huang, Bun Tsuchiya, Kenji Konashi, Michio Yamawaki

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The chemical state of fission products (FPs) in U+ZrH1.60 fuel was studied from the thermodynamic point of view. Twenty most abundant FP elements were taken into account in the system of U-Zr-H-O-FP in which oxygen is treated as an impurity. The Thermo-Calc computer code was used to calculate the equilibrium state of the multi-phase and multi-component system. This calculation shows that yttrium, the alkaline earth metals (Ba, Sr) and most of the lanthanides prefer to form corresponding binary hydrides. Oxygen impurities in the system are likely to form a mixture of Y2O3, Pr2O3, Sm2O3 as well as Ce2O3 depending on their fission yields. With increasing of burn-up, only a slight decrease of the hydrogen potential in the fuel pin can be expected because of the very little consumption of hydrogen in the hydrogenation process of the FP. In the gas phase, H2, Cs, Rb, CsRb as well as CsI are the main vapor species apart from the noble gases Xe and Kr. Solid swelling of the fuel due to formation of condensed phases was calculated as a function of burn-up.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)154-159
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
Volume294
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Apr 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

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