Thermodriven micrometer-scale aqueous-phase separation of amphiphilic oligoethylene glycol analogues

Shunichi Kawasaki, Takahiro Muraoka, Haruki Obara, Takerou Ishii, Tsutomu Hamada, Kazushi Kinbara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thermoresponsive materials with a lower critical solution temperature (LCST) are receiving growing attention, of which examples of nonpolymeric small molecules are limited. Monodisperse oligoethylene glycol amphiphiles that contain aromatic units with a LCST in water have been developed and applied to peptide extraction. Concentration-dependent hysteretic transmittance changes were observed in response to temperature elevation and reduction. Dynamic light scattering measurements and phase contrast microscopy revealed the formation of micrometer-sized aggregates upon heating at a concentration above 5.0 mm; these aggregates self-assembled to form larger aggregates upon cooling before dissolution. The "interaggregate" interactions are likely to cause the hysteretic behavior. As an application of this thermodriven phase separation, selective extraction of peptide fragments containing high percentages of hydrophobic and aromatic amino acid residues was successfully demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2778-2788
Number of pages11
JournalChemistry - An Asian Journal
Volume9
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Oct 1

Keywords

  • Amphiphiles
  • Lower critical solution temperature (lcst)
  • Polymers
  • Self-assembly
  • Supramolecular chemistry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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