Thermo-fluid dynamic design exploration of a double pipe heat exchanger

Tomohiro Hirano, Mitsuo Yoshimura, Koji Shimoyama, Atsuki Komiya

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Toward a practical application of the additive manufacturing (AM), this study proposes a shape optimization approach for the cross-sectional shape of the inner pipe of a counter-flow double pipe heat exchanger. The cross-sectional shape of the inner pipe is expressed by an algebraic expression with a small number of parameters, and their heat transfer performance is evaluated by a commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) solver. The optimization is conducted by the Non-Dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm II (NSGA-II) assisted by the Kriging surrogate model, and the NSGA-II finds the optimal cross-sectional shape with many protrusions around the perimeter of the inner channel to improve the heat transfer performance. In this study, heat transfer performance is evaluated from the temperature drop at the outlet of the high-temperature fluid. Through the comparison of two cross-sectional shapes with the same heat transfer surface area – average temperature at the outlet of the optimal high-temperature channel is 324.58 K while average temperature at the outlet of a circular high-temperature channel with the same area as the optimal channel is 331.93 K, it is revealed that the number of protrusions plays important roles which contribute not only to increase heat transfer area but also to improve heat transfer performance.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationComputational Fluid Dynamics
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791859032
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1
EventASME-JSME-KSME 2019 8th Joint Fluids Engineering Conference, AJKFluids 2019 - San Francisco, United States
Duration: 2019 Jul 282019 Aug 1

Publication series

NameASME-JSME-KSME 2019 8th Joint Fluids Engineering Conference, AJKFluids 2019
Volume2

Conference

ConferenceASME-JSME-KSME 2019 8th Joint Fluids Engineering Conference, AJKFluids 2019
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco
Period19/7/2819/8/1

Keywords

  • Additive manufacturing
  • Computational fluid dynamics
  • Counter-flow double pipe heat exchanger
  • Genetic Algorithm
  • Kriging model
  • Shape optimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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