Thermal stability, morphology and electronic band gap of Zn(NCN)

Koji Morita, Gabriela Mera, Kaname Yoshida, Yuichi Ikuhara, Andreas Klein, Hans Joachim Kleebe, Ralf Riedel

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    12 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The thermal behavior of zinc carbodiimide Zn(NCN) was examined in the temperature range between 200 and 1100 C in Ar atmosphere. The material starts to partially decompose at about 800 C. Heat treatment at temperatures beyond 800 C results in the formation of the byproducts nitrogen-containing bamboo-like multiwall carbon-nanotubes of 20-50 nm in diameter due to a partial decomposition of Zn(NCN) into dicyan (CN)2, zinc and nitrogen gas followed by the polymerization of the former product to paracyanogen (CN) n. At 1100 C, the yield of the residual carbodiimide depends on the dwelling time and the initial amount of powder used for pyrolysis. One hour dwelling at 1100 C yields ∼50% of the Zn(NCN) separated as pure material. Temperature-induced change in the band structure, namely indirect-to-direct band gap transition, is registered when compared the Zn(NCN) at room temperature with the residual material annealed at 1100 C. The transition from indirect (Eg = 4.32 eV) to direct band gap (Eg = 4.93 eV) is due to the thermal annealing process which results in healing of crystal defects.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)50-57
    Number of pages8
    JournalSolid State Sciences
    Volume23
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jul 23

    Keywords

    • Band gap
    • CNTs
    • TEM
    • Thermal transformation
    • Zinc carbodiimide

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Chemistry(all)
    • Materials Science(all)
    • Condensed Matter Physics

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  • Cite this

    Morita, K., Mera, G., Yoshida, K., Ikuhara, Y., Klein, A., Kleebe, H. J., & Riedel, R. (2013). Thermal stability, morphology and electronic band gap of Zn(NCN). Solid State Sciences, 23, 50-57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solidstatesciences.2013.06.008