Thermal expansion behaviors of few-layered graphene-reinforced Al matrix composites

Weiwei Zhou, Chao Chen, Pavlina Mikulova, Mingqi Dong, Yuchi Fan, Keiko Kikuchi, Naoyuki Nomura, Akira Kawasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The thermal expansion behaviors of few-layered graphene (FLG)/Al composites fabricated via spark plasma sintering and hot extrusion were evaluated. We demonstrated the first example of efficiently reducing the coefficients of thermal expansion (CTEs) of Al composites by incorporating FLG. The CTE of the Al matrix decreased from 26.72 × 10−6 K−1 to 25.53 × 10−6 K−1 with incorporating of merely 0.4 vol% of FLG. Due to the detachment of FLG-Al interface at elevated temperatures, the CTEs of the composites were slightly higher than those estimated by theoretical prediction. This result was further confirmed by the presence of hysteresis phenomenon of the cyclic expansion behavior of the FLG/Al composite. Moreover, the FLG exhibited a high constraining efficiency of ∼13, being more effective at lowering the CTEs of Al composites as compared to other traditional fillers. This work could be significant for guiding the design of high-performance graphene/Al composites for thermal management applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)988-993
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume792
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jul 5

Keywords

  • Aluminum matrix composites (AMCs)
  • Graphene
  • Interfaces
  • Thermal analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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