A comprehensive P-V-T dataset for bcc-tungsten was obtained for pressures up to 33.5 GPa and temperatures 300-1673 K using MgO and Au pressure scales. The thermodynamic analysis of these data was performed using high-temperature (HT) and Mie-Grüneisen-Debye (MGD) relations combined with the Vinet equations of state (EOS) for room-temperature isotherm and the newly proposed Kunc-Einstein (KE) EOS. The KE EOS allowed calibration of W thermodynamic parameters to the pressures of at least 300 GPa and temperatures up to 4000 K with minor uncertainties (<1% in calculated volume of W). A detailed analysis of room-temperature compression data with Vinet EOS yields V0 = 31.71 ± 0.02 Å3, KT = 308 ± 1 GPa, and KT′ = 4.20 ± 0.05. Estimated thermoelastic parameters for HT include (∂KT/∂T)P = -0.018 ± 0.001 GPa/K and thermal expansion α = a0 + a1T with a0 = 1.35 (±0.04) × 10-5 K-1 and a1 = 0.21 (±0.05) × 10-8 K-2. Fitting to the MGD relation yielded γ0 = 1.81 ± 0.02 and q = 0.71 ± 0.02 with the Debye temperature (θ0,) fixed at 370-405 K. The parameters for KE EOS include two Einstein temperatures, ΘE1o = 314 K and ΘE2o = 168 K, Grüneisen parameter at ambient condition γ0 = 1.67 and infinite compression γ∞ = 0.66, with β = 1.16 (which is a power-mode parameter in the Grüneisen equation), anharmonicity (m = 3.57) and electronic (g = 0.11) equivalents of the Grüneisen parameter, and additional parameters for intrinsic anharmonicity, a0 = 6.2 × 10-5 K-1, and electronic contribution, e0 = 4.04 × 10-5 K-1 to the free energy. Fixed parameters include k = 2 in KE EOS and mE1 = mE 2 = 1.5 in expression for Einstein temperature. Present analysis should represent the best fit of the experimental data for W and can be used for a variety of thermodynamic calculations for W and W-containing systems including phase diagrams, chemical reactions, and electronic structure.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)