Thermal diffusivity of irradiated tungsten and tungsten-rhenium alloys

Masafumi Akiyoshi, Lauren M. Garrison, Josina W. Geringer, Hsin Wang, Akira Hasegawa, Shuhei Nogami, Yutai Katoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Japan-US PHENIX project irradiated tungsten materials in the RB-19J capsule experiment in the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR). A gadolinium (Gd) shielding was used to absorb the thermal neutrons and reduce rhenium and osmium generation in tungsten. Pure tungsten and K-doped W-3% Re samples were irradiated at 532 – 662 °C to dose of 0.21-0.46 dpa, with the grain orientation perpendicular or parallel to the disk surface. Thermal diffusivity measurements were performed from 100 °C to 500 °C. Additional measurements followed after annealing up to 900 °C. Irradiated pure tungsten specimens showed similar thermal diffusivity results compared with an unirradiated W-1% Re specimen in another study. The transmutation amount of Re was calculated to be about 0.52% for those specimens that showed good agreement with this study. Specimens irradiated in this study to different doses presented almost the same thermal diffusivity. Annealing up to 800 °C resulted in no recovery of thermal diffusivity. These results show that the contribution of crystalline defects to degradation of thermal diffusivity is quite limited. In addition, the thermal diffusivity of the irradiated specimens was getting close to that of the unirradiated specimens at elevated temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Article number152594
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
Volume543
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jan

Keywords

  • Lattice defect
  • Neutron irradiation
  • Thermal diffusivity
  • Transmutation
  • Tungsten material

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

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