Background: The clinical benefit of the combined androgen blockade (CAB) therapy over luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone analog (LH-RHa) monotherapy for hormone naïve metastatic prostate cancer (mHNPC) is unclear. Therefore, we retrospectively compare the effectiveness of CAB with the LH-RHa monotherapy on the prognosis of Japanese patients with mHNPC. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated the prognosis of 517 patients diagnosed with mHNPC between August 2001 and May 2017. The patients’ data were obtained from the Michinoku Urological Cancer Research Group database and Hirosaki University-related hospitals. Patients were divided into the CAB and LH-RHa monotherapy groups based on primary androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). Overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), and castrate-resistant prostate cancer-free survival (CRPC-FS) were compared between the two groups using the Kaplan-Meier curve analysis. Inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW)-adjusted Cox hazard proportional analyses was performed to investigate the effect of primary ADT on oncological outcomes. Results: The median age was 73 years old. The numbers of patients in the CAB and LH-RHa monotherapy groups were 447 and 70, respectively. The Kaplan-Meier curve analysis showed no significant differences in either 5-year OS (56.7% vs. 52.5%, P=0.277), CSS (61.1% vs. 56.4%, P=0.400), and CRPC-FS (33.1% vs. 31.1%, P=0.529) between the groups. IPTW-adjusted multivariate Cox hazard proportional analyses showed no significant differences in OS, CSS, and CRPC-FS between the two groups. Conclusions: No significant differences in oncological outcomes were observed between the CAB and LH-RHa monotherapy groups in patients with mHNPC.
- Combined androgen blockade (CAB)
- Luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone analog (LH-RHa)
- Metastatic prostate cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Reproductive Medicine