Hybrid density functional theory method is applied for investigating the diradical character dependence of the second hyperpolarizability (γ) of square planar nickel complexes involving several types of bidentate ligands [o-C6H4XY, where X = Y = O, NH, S, Se, and PH as well as (X, Y) = (NH, NH2) and (S, NH2)]. It is found that, as a function of the donor atoms, the diradical character of these complexes varies from 0.0 to 0.884 and is associated with substantial variations of γ ranging from 14 × 103 to 819 × 103 au. In particular, the largest γ values are associated with intermediate diradical characters in good agreement with the structure-property relationship obtained for pure hydrocarbon systems. Increasing the electronegativity of the X and Y donor groups of the ligands leads to larger diradical characters as a result of the enhancement of the double bond nature of the C=X(Y) bonds, which further stabilizes the diradicals on both-end benzene rings. This demonstrates that the electronegativities of the donor atoms of the ligands become a tuning parameter of the diradical character and then of the γ values of these complexes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry