Theoretical analysis of the micro-pulling-down process for GexSi1-x fiber crystal growth

C. W. Lan, S. Uda, T. Fukuda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Theoretical analysis of the micro-pulling-down process for the growth of GexSi1-x single crystal fibers is conducted using a finite-volume/Newton's method. Steady-state heat and nondilute solute transfer, melt flow, the melt/crystal interface, and the free surface as well as the grown fiber diameter are solved simultaneously. The effects of process parameters including the melt height, the die temperature, and the growth rate on the grown fiber diameter and solute distribution are investigated. Good agreement is found for the calculated meniscus shape and the grown fiber diameter with the observed ones. In the melt zone, due to the small physical dimension and the damping effect by Ge, buoyancy convection is negligible. However, Marangoni convection is dominant there and the solute segregation is thus affected. As the melt zone becomes shorter with the decreasing die temperature, a secondary flow is induced by the Marangoni convection leading to an inversion on radial segregation and a large depletion of Ge in the fiber core, which are consistent with the measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)552-562
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Oct 15
Externally publishedYes


  • Computer simulation
  • Convection
  • Fiber growth
  • Micro-pulling-down
  • Segregation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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