The velocity of antihypertensive effects of seven angiotensin II receptor blockers determined by home blood pressure measurements

Michihiro Satoh, Toshikazu Haga, Miki Hosaka, Taku Obara, Hirohito Metoki, Takahisa Murakami, Masahiro Kikuya, Ryusuke Inoue, Kei Asayama, Nariyasu Mano, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Yutaka Imai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: We aimed to examine the blood pressure (BP)-lowering effect and the time to attain the maximal antihypertensive effect (stabilization time) of several angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) based on home BP measurements. Methods: We surveyed consecutive newly diagnosed, untreated patients with hypertension who started the treatment with a mid-level dose of one of seven ARBs (losartan 50 mg, telmisartan 40 mg, candesartan 8 mg, olmesartan 20 mg, valsartan 80 mg, irbesartan 100 mg, or azilsartan 20 mg). All study participants measured home BP in the morning for at least 1 week during an untreated period and 4 weeks during the treatment period. Results: Age, the proportion of men, and baseline home BP levels did not differ significantly between groups (total n = 232; age, 62.2 years; 50.9% men; home SBP/DBP, 151.6/90.0 mmHg). Significant differences in the BP-lowering effect and the stabilization time between ARBs were observed (P ≤ 0.02). The extent of BP-lowering effects of azilsartan 20 mg was significantly greater than that of valsartan 80 mg or irbesartan 100 mg (15.3 vs. 7.9 or 8.2 mmHg, respectively P ≤ 0.03). The stabilization time of losartan for home SBP was significantly longer than that of valsartan, irbesartan, or azilsartan (22.8 vs. 7.1, 4.7, or 7.1 days, respectively, P ≤ 0.01). Conclusion: The maximum effect and the stabilization time differed among ARBs used at the mid-level dose in Japan. An ARB should be chosen based on its desired characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1218-1223
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of hypertension
Volume34
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jun 1

Keywords

  • angiotensin II receptor blocker
  • antihypertensive effect
  • home blood pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The velocity of antihypertensive effects of seven angiotensin II receptor blockers determined by home blood pressure measurements'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this