The system Na2CO3-CaCO3-MgCO3 at 6 GPa and 900-1250°C and its relation to the partial melting of carbonated mantle

Anton Shatskiy, Konstantin D. Litasov, Igor S. Sharygin, Ilya A. Egonin, Aleksandr M. Mironov, Yuri N. Palyanov, Eiji Ohtani

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15 Citations (Scopus)


In order to constrain the Na2CO3-CaCO3-MgCO3 T-X diagram at 6 GPa in addition to the binary and pseudo-binary systems we conducted experiments along the Na2CO3-Ca0.5Mg0.5CO3 join. At 900-1000°C, melting does not occur and isothermal sections are presented by one-, two-and three-phase regions containing Ca-bearing magnesite, aragonite, Na2CO3 (Na2) and Na2(Ca1-0.9Mg0-0.1)3-4(CO3)4-5 (Na2Ca3-4), Na4(Ca1-0.6Mg0-0.4)(CO3)3 (Na4Ca), Na2(Ca0-0.08Mg1-0.92)(CO3)2 (Na2Mg) phases with intermediate compositions. The minimum melting point locates between 1000°C and 1100°C. This point would resemble that of three eutectics: Mgs-Na2Ca3-Na2Mg, Na2Mg-Na2Ca3-Na4Ca or Na2Mg-Na4Ca-Na2, in the compositional interval of [45Na2CO3·55(Ca0.6Mg0.4)CO3]-[60Na2CO3·40Ca0.6Mg0.4CO3]. The liquidus projection has seven primary solidification phase regions for Mgs, Dol, Arg, Na2Ca3, Na4Ca, Na2 and Na2Mg. The results suggest that extraction of Na and Ca from silicate to carbonate components has to decrease minimum melting temperature of carbonated mantle rocks to 1000-1100°C at 6 GPa and yields Na-rich dolomitic melt with a Na# (Na2O/(Na2O + CaO + MgO)) ≥ 28 mol%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-41
Number of pages19
JournalHigh Pressure Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 2
Externally publishedYes


  • NaCO-CaCO-MgCO T-X diagram
  • carbonate-silicate reaction
  • high-pressure
  • partial melting of carbonated lherzolite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics


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