The surface composition of asteroid 162173 Ryugu from Hayabusa2 near-infrared spectroscopy

K. Kitazato, R. E. Milliken, T. Iwata, M. Abe, M. Ohtake, S. Matsuura, T. Arai, Y. Nakauchi, T. Nakamura, M. Matsuoka, H. Senshu, N. Hirata, T. Hiroi, C. Pilorget, R. Brunetto, F. Poulet, L. Riu, J. P. Bibring, D. Takir, D. L. DomingueF. Vilas, M. A. Barucci, D. Perna, E. Palomba, A. Galiano, K. Tsumura, T. Osawa, M. Komatsu, A. Nakato, T. Arai, N. Takato, T. Matsunaga, Y. Takagi, K. Matsumoto, T. Kouyama, Y. Yokota, E. Tatsumi, N. Sakatani, Y. Yamamoto, T. Okada, S. Sugita, R. Honda, T. Morota, S. Kameda, H. Sawada, C. Honda, M. Yamada, H. Suzuki, K. Yoshioka, M. Hayakawa, K. Ogawa, Y. Cho, K. Shirai, Y. Shimaki, N. Hirata, A. Yamaguchi, N. Ogawa, F. Terui, T. Yamaguchi, Y. Takei, T. Saiki, S. Nakazawa, S. Tanaka, M. Yoshikawa, S. Watanabe, Y. Tsuda

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58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The near-Earth asteroid 162173 Ryugu, the target of the Hayabusa2 sample-return mission, is thought to be a primitive carbonaceous object. We report reflectance spectra of Ryugu's surface acquired with the Near-Infrared Spectrometer (NIRS3) on Hayabusa2, to provide direct measurements of the surface composition and geological context for the returned samples. A weak, narrow absorption feature centered at 2.72 micrometers was detected across the entire observed surface, indicating that hydroxyl (OH)-bearing minerals are ubiquitous there. The intensity of the OH feature and low albedo are similar to thermally and/or shock-metamorphosed carbonaceous chondrite meteorites. There are few variations in the OH-band position, which is consistent with Ryugu being a compositionally homogeneous rubble-pile object generated from impact fragments of an undifferentiated aqueously altered parent body.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)272-275
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume364
Issue number6437
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

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    Kitazato, K., Milliken, R. E., Iwata, T., Abe, M., Ohtake, M., Matsuura, S., Arai, T., Nakauchi, Y., Nakamura, T., Matsuoka, M., Senshu, H., Hirata, N., Hiroi, T., Pilorget, C., Brunetto, R., Poulet, F., Riu, L., Bibring, J. P., Takir, D., ... Tsuda, Y. (2019). The surface composition of asteroid 162173 Ryugu from Hayabusa2 near-infrared spectroscopy. Science, 364(6437), 272-275. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aav7432