The structure of an Al-Rh-Cu decagonal quasicrystal formed with two quasiperiodic planes along the periodic axis in an Al63Rh18.5Cu18.5 alloy has been studied by spherical aberration (Cs)-corrected high-angle annular detector dark-field (HAADF)- and annular bright-field (ABF)-scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM). Heavy atoms of Rh and mixed sites (MSs) of Al and Cu atoms projected along the periodic axis can be clearly represented as separate bright dots in observed HAADF-STEM images, and consequently arrangements of Rh atoms and MSs on the two quasiperiodic planes can be directly determined from those of bright dots in the observed HAADF-STEM image. The Rh atoms are arranged in pentagonal tiling formed with pentagonal and star-shaped pentagonal tiles with an edge-length of 0.76 nm, and also MSs with a pentagonal arrangement are located in the pentagonal tiles with definite orientations. The star-shaped pentagonal tiles in the pentagonal tiling are arranged in τ2(τ: golden ratio)-inflated pentagonal tiling with a bond-length of 2 nm. From arrangements of Rh atoms placed in pentagonal tilings with a bond-length of 2 nm, which are generated by the projection of a five-dimensional hyper-cubic lattice, occupation domains in the perpendicular space are derived. Al atoms as well as Rh atoms and MSs are represented as dark dots in an observed ABF-STEM image, and arrangements of Al atoms in well-symmetric regions are discussed.
- decagonal quasicrystal
- scanning transmission electron microscopy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics