The stellar populations of lyman break galaxies at z ∼ 5

Kiyoto Yabe, Kouji Ohta, Ikuru Iwata, Marcin Sawicki, Naoyuki Tamura, Masayuki Akiyama, Kentaro Aoki

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59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present the results of spectral energy distribution (SED) fitting analysis for Lyman break galaxies (LBGs) at z ∼ 5 in the Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey North (GOODS-N) and its flanking fields (the GOODS-FF). With the publicly available Infrared Array Camera (IRAC) images in the GOODS-N and IRAC data in the GOODS-FF, we constructed the rest-frame UV to optical SEDs for a large sample (∼100) of UV-selected galaxies at z ∼ 5. Comparing the observed SEDs with model SEDs generated with a population synthesis code, we derived a best-fit set of parameters (stellar mass, age, color excess, and star formation rate) for each of the sample LBGs. The derived stellar masses range from 108 to 1011 M with a median value of 4.1 × 109 M. Comparison with z = 2-3 LBGs shows that the stellar masses of z ∼ 5 LBGs are systematically smaller by a factor of 3-4 than those of z = 2-3 LBGs in a similar rest-frame UV luminosity range. The star formation ages are relatively younger than those of the z = 2-3 LBGs. We also compared the results for our sample with other studies for the z = 5-6 galaxies. Although there seem to be similarities and differences in the properties, we could not conclude its significance. We also derived a stellar mass function of our sample by correcting for incompletenesses. Although the number densities in the massive end are comparable to the theoretical predictions from semianalytic models involving active galactic nucleus feedback, the number densities in the low-mass part are smaller than the model predictions. By integrating the stellar mass function down to 108 M, the stellar mass density at z ∼ 5 is calculated to be (0.7-2.4) ×107 M Mpc -3. The stellar mass density at z ∼ 5 is dominated by the massive part of the stellar mass function. Compared with other observational studies and the model predictions, the mass density of our sample is consistent with general trend of the increase of the stellar mass density with time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)507-533
Number of pages27
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume693
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Mar 1

Keywords

  • galaxies: evolution
  • galaxies: high-redshift
  • galaxies: luminosity function, mass function
  • galaxies: stellar content

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Yabe, K., Ohta, K., Iwata, I., Sawicki, M., Tamura, N., Akiyama, M., & Aoki, K. (2009). The stellar populations of lyman break galaxies at z ∼ 5. Astrophysical Journal, 693(1), 507-533. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/693/1/507