The solidus of carbonated eclogite in the system CaO-Al2O3-MgO-SiO2-Na2O-CO2 to 32GPa and carbonatite liquid in the deep mantle

Konstantin Litasov, Eiji Ohtani

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75 Citations (Scopus)


Melting phase relations have been determined in a model carbonated eclogite (5wt.% CO2) at 10.5-32.0GPa and 1300-1850°C. The assemblage of silicate minerals coexisting with partial melts changes with pressure from garnet-omphacite-kyanite-stishovite at 10GPa via garnet-corundum-stishovite at 16-20GPa to Mg-perovskite-Ca-perovskite-CF phase-stishovite at 27-32GPa. Magnesite is the only carbonate stable in this system through the studied pressure range. The solidus temperature was defined by the appearance of partial melt. The solidus of carbonated eclogite is bracketed at 1380-1460°C at 10.5GPa, 1460-1560°C at 16.5GPa, 1530-1630°C at 20GPa, and 1600-1790°C at 27 and 32GPa. The slope of solidus curve is less steep at 10-32GPa than at lower pressures. The solidus curve of Fe-free carbonated eclogite roughly coincides with an average mantle geotherm. Partial melts formed by melting of carbonated eclogite at 10.5-32.0GPa have magnesiocarbonatite compositions with Ca/Mg ratios higher than in similar melts in peridotite assemblages, and contain high Na2O-contents. It has been demonstrated that carbonatite-like melt can be generated by partial melting of carbonated eclogites at pressure up to at least 32GPa, i.e. to lower mantle depths.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-126
Number of pages12
JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jun


  • Carbonate
  • Carbonatite
  • Eclogite
  • High-pressure experiment
  • Mantle
  • Melting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

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