The Slp4-a linker domain controls exocytosis through interaction with Munc18-1·syntaxin-1a complex

Takashi Tsuboi, Mitsunori Fukuda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Citations (Scopus)


Synaptotagmin-like protein 4-a (Slp4-a)/granuphilin-a is specifically localized on dense-core vesicles in certain neuroendocrine cells and negatively controls dense-core vesicle exocytosis through specific interaction with Rab27A. However, the precise molecular mechanism of its inhibitory effect on exocytosis has never been elucidated and is still a matter of controversy. Here we show by deletion and chimeric analyses that the linker domain of Slp4-a interacts with the Munc18-1·syntaxin-1a complex by directly binding to Munc18-1 and that this interaction promotes docking of dense-core vesicles to the plasma membrane in PC12 cells. Despite increasing the number of plasma membrane docked vesicles, expression of Slp4-a strongly inhibited high-KCl-induced dense-core vesicle exocytosis. The inhibitory effect by Slp4-a is absolutely dependent on the linker domain of Slp4-a, because substitution of the linker domain of Slp4-a by that of Slp5 (the closest isoform of Slp4-a that cannot bind the Munc18-1-syntaxin-1a complex) completely abrogated the inhibitory effect. Our findings reveal a novel docking machinery for dense-core vesicle exocytosis: Slp4-a simultaneously interacts with Rab27A and Munc18-1 on the dense-core vesicle and with syntaxin-1a in the plasma membrane.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2101-2112
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular biology of the cell
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2006 May

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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