The roughness effect on the frequency of frictional sound

Boyko L. Stoimenov, Suguru Maruyama, Koshi Adachi, Koji Kato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)


Dry sliding of two bodies in contact generates a wide range of effects like friction, wear, heat and sound among others. The main interest of this study is in the frequency characteristics of the generated sound. In the past, frequency spectrum and sound pressure level with relation to surface topography (surface roughness in particular), have been studied mainly for concentrated contacts like stylus or hemispherical tip pin on a rough surface. Studies on flat-flat contacts were mainly focused on the topography of contacting surfaces and its relation to occurrence or non-occurrence of squeal (high pitch, high sound pressure level sound) in brake systems. The present study aims to clarify the effect of surface roughness on the frequency of non-squealing frictional sound generated in dry flat-flat sliding contact. Sound was generated by the dry contact in rubbing by hand of two rectangular cross-section stainless-steel plates having similar surface roughness. The roughness of the contacting surfaces varied in the range Rz = 0.8-12.4 μm. The sound spectra had 5 peaks (P1, P2, P3, P4 and P5) in order of increasing frequency and it was found that the peak frequency was shifted when the roughness of the rubbed surfaces changed. The first peak P1 was most sensitive to change of surface roughness and it shifted from 3.0 to 4.5 kHz when the maximum surface roughness changed from Rz = 1 0.9 to 3.4 μ m. When the surface was relatively rough, this peak was close to the first bending natural frequency of the plate at 2.377 kHz.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)659-664
Number of pages6
JournalTribology International
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Apr 1


  • Frequency shift
  • Frictional noise
  • Frictional sound
  • Surface roughness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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