The sorbitol fermentation by Actinomyces viscosus and Actinomyces naeslundii was studied with washed sorbitol‐grown cells. The fermentation was followed by titration of acids produced at pH 7.0 under anaerobic conditions. Metabolic end‐products and intracellular levels of NAD, NADH and glycolytic intermediates during the fermentation were also analyzed. Cell extracts were examined for certain enzyme activities. Bicarbonate was required for acid production from sorbitol and from a mixture of glucose and sorbitol. Malate and fumarate could also support the acid production of A. viscosus. The main end‐products were succinate and lactate but not ethanol. Cell extracts showed no activities of alcohol and aldehyde dehydrogenases, but they had activities of malate dehydrogenase and fumarate reductase. In the absence of bicarbonate, malate or fumarate, the intracellular NADH/NAD ratio increased and the levels of 3‐ and 2‐phospho‐glycerate and phosphoenolpyruvate decreased. The results indicate that oral sorbitol‐fermenting actinomyces lack the ethanol pathway that can contribute to NADH oxidation. To maintain intracellular redox balance during anaerobic sorbitol fermentation, these bacteria can oxidize surplus NADH through a succinate pathway.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Oral Microbiology and Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 1994 Aug|
- Actinomyces naeslundii
- Actinomyces viscosus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)