The role of the pulsed-wave laser characteristics on restraining hot cracking in laser cladding non-weldable nickel-based superalloy

Zhenlin Zhang, Yue Zhao, Yang Chen, Zhen Su, Jiguo Shan, Aiping Wu, Yutaka S. Sato, Huaipeng Gu, Xin Tang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A paraxial powder-feeding system by employing a quasi-continuous fiber laser machine was established to repair non-weldable nickel-based K447A alloy. In the present study, the duty cycle (DC) of the pulsed-wave laser was chosen to reveal the influence on hot cracking. The results showed that the total length of hot cracking on the 10.5 mm-length longitudinal section of the cladding zone reduces from 3.263 mm to 0.092 mm with the decline of DC from 80% to 30%. The intermittent occurrence of the laser beam induced the ripple microstructure in the cladding layer (CL). It is the high cooling rate in laser extinguishment process that caused the fine dendrite zone which provides more resistance for hot cracking propagation in the CL. The liquid film in the heat-affected zone (HAZ) mainly results from the M5B3/γ, γ′/γ, and MC/γ constitutional liquation successively among 1200–1300 °C. Heat input is the main factor affecting hot cracking in the HAZ. With the decrease of DC, the dendrite spacing of the fine dendrite zone decreases in the CL, and the depth of liquefaction zone decreases in the HAZ, as a result, the length of hot cracking in the CL and HAZ both decreases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109346
JournalMaterials and Design
Volume198
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jan 15

Keywords

  • Duty cycle
  • Hot cracking
  • Laser cladding
  • Liquid mechanism
  • Nickel-based alloy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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