The relationships between oral status, physical and mental health, nutritional status and diet type in elderly Japanese women with dementia

Shinsuke Sadamori, Syouji Hayashi, Taizo Hamada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To suggest methods for maintaining an adequate nutritional status for elderly patients with dementia by evaluating the relationships between oral status, physical and mental health, and feeding conditions. Background: Feeding difficulties in dementia patients are related to food intake, and failure to eat may be associated with weight loss in long-term care facilities. The relationship between compromised oral function and diet is still unclear. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study of 94 elderly women with dementia (mean age 89.6 ± 5.6 years) from a nursing home was undertaken to investigate their oral, physical and mental and nutritional status. Results: There were significant differences in serum albumin (p = 0.0284), N-ADL (p = 0.0005), NM scale (p = 0.0004) and HDS-R (p = 0.0004) between denture wearers and non-denture wearers. However, there were no significant differences in body mass index between denture wearers and non-denture wearers. Conclusion: A suitable type of diet and assistance with feeding could maintain the nutritional status of elderly patients with dementia if they are still feeding themselves. The nutritional support team will benefit from the participation of a dentist.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-209
Number of pages5
JournalGerodontology
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Dec 1

Keywords

  • Dementia
  • Denture
  • Nutritional status
  • Physical and mental status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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