The relationship of torque-speed on the Na+-driven flagellar motor

Akihiko Ishijima, Yoshiyuki Sowa, Michio Homma

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The torque-speed relationship of the Na+-driven flagellar motor of Vibrio alginolyticus was investigated. The rotation rate of the motor was measured by following the position of a bead, attached to a flagellar filament, using optical nanometry. In the presence of 50 mM NaCl, the generated torque was relatively constant (∼3800 pN nm) at lower speeds (speeds up to ∼300 Hz) and then decreased steeply, similar to the H+-driven flagellar motor of E. coli. When the external NaCl concentration was varied, the generated torque of the flagellar motor was changed over a wide range of speeds. This result could be reproduced using a simple kinetic model, which takes into consideration the association and dissociation of Na+ onto the motor. These results imply that for a complete understanding of the mechanism of flagellar rotation it is essential to consider both the electrochemical gradient and the absolute concentration of the coupling ion.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2005 International Symposium on Micro-NanoMechatronics and Human Science, Eighth Symposium on Micro- and Nano-Mechatronics for Information-Based Society - The 21st Century COE Progr
Number of pages1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Dec 1
Event2005 International Symposium on Micro-NanoMechatronics and Human Science, Eighth Symposium on Micro- and Nano-Mechatronics for Information-Based Society - The 21st Century COE Program - Nagayo, Japan
Duration: 2005 Nov 72005 Nov 9

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 2005 International Symposium on Micro-NanoMechatronics and Human Science, Eighth Symposium on Micro- and Nano-Mechatronics for Information-Based Society - The 21st Century COE Progr
Volume2005

Other

Other2005 International Symposium on Micro-NanoMechatronics and Human Science, Eighth Symposium on Micro- and Nano-Mechatronics for Information-Based Society - The 21st Century COE Program
CountryJapan
CityNagayo
Period05/11/705/11/9

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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