The Real-World status and risk factors for a poor prognosis in elderly patients with primary central nervous system malignant lymphomas: a multicenter, retrospective cohort study of the Tohoku Brain Tumor Study Group

Kenichiro Asano, Yoji Yamashita, Takahiro Ono, Manabu Natsumeda, Takaaki Beppu, Kenichiro Matsuda, Masahiro Ichikawa, Masayuki Kanamori, Masashi Matsuzaka, Akira Kurose, Kiyoshi Saito, Yukihiko Sonoda, Kuniaki Ogasawara, Yukihiko Fujii, Hiroaki Shimizu, Hiroki Ohkuma, Chifumi Kitanaka, Takamasa Kayama, Teiji Tominaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Elderly patients with primary central nervous system malignant lymphoma (EL-PCNSL) may not be given sufficient treatment due to their poor pre-treatment Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) and comorbidities. Therefore, a retrospective, cohort study was performed to evaluate risk factors associated with a poor prognosis of EL-PCNSL in the Tohoku Brain Tumor Study Group. Methods: Patients aged ≥ 71 years with PCNSL were enrolled from eight centers. Univariate analysis was performed with the log-rank test. A Cox proportional hazards model was used for multivariate analysis. Results: Three of the total 142 cases received best supportive care (BSC). Treatment was given to 30 cases without a pathological diagnosis, 3 cases with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cytology, and 100 cases with a pathological diagnosis. After confirmation of no differences in progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) between the group treated without pathology and the groups diagnosed by pathology or CSF cytology and between median age ≥ 76 years and < 76 years, a total of 133 patients were studied. The median pre-treatment KPS was 50%. Median PFS and median OS were 16 and 24 months, respectively. Risk factors associated with poor prognosis on Cox proportional hazards model analysis were pre-treatment cardiovascular disease and central nervous system disease comorbidities, post-treatment pneumonia and other infections, and the absence of radiotherapy or chemotherapy. Conclusions: Pre-treatment comorbidities and post-treatment complications would affect the prognosis. Radiation and chemotherapy were found to be effective, but no conclusions could be drawn regarding the appropriate content of chemotherapy and whether additional radiotherapy should be used.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Clinical Oncology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Elderly patient
  • PCNSL
  • Risk factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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