The purification and characterization of μ-calpain and calpastatin from ostrich brain

Noxolo Mkwetshana, Ryno J. Naudé, Koji Muramoto

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Calcium-activated neutral proteinases (CANPs) and their endogenous specific inhibitor calpastatin are found in a wide variety of vertebrate and invertebrate tissues. The CANPs are cysteine proteinases that have an absolute requirement for Ca2+ for activity. μ-Calpain and calpastatin were purified by successive chromatographic steps on Toyopearl-Super Q 650S and Pharmacia Mono Q HR 5/5 columns. The enzyme has a Mr of 84KDa using sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), a Mmin of 79KDa from amino acid analysis and an pI of 5.2. Calpastatin has a Mr of 323KDa using denaturing gradient PAGE and a pI of 4.7. The amino acid composition of μ-calpain revealed 689 residues and the pH and temperature optima were found to be 7.5 and 37°C, respectively. μ-Calpain underwent a Ca2+-dependent autoproteolysis producing a fragment of 82KDa. The N-terminal sequence of μ-calpain showed 24 and 18% sequence identity with human and bovine μ-calpain.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)613-624
    Number of pages12
    JournalInternational Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology
    Volume34
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2002 Apr 13

    Keywords

    • Brain
    • Calcium
    • Ostrich
    • μ-Calpain

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biochemistry
    • Cell Biology

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