The prospect of a small-sized vibrating flow pump for an artificial heart

Shinichi Kobayashi, Kou Imachi, Yusuke Abe, Tuneo Chinzei, Takashi Isoyama, Itsuro Saito, Syuichi Mochizuki, Akimasa Kono, Toshiya Ono, Shinichi Nitta, Tomoyuki Yambe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A small-sized blood pump is required for a high-performance total artificial heart. From the viewpoint of the implantation, anatomical fitting into the cavity from which the heart has been removed is very important for the design of the total artificial heart. A small, high-performance blood pump is desired for a totally implantable artificial heart system. A miniaturized blood pump is not easy to achieve because of its driving mechanism and material endurance. The stroke volume is necessarily decreased by the downsizing of a volume-displacing pump, such as a sac-type blood pump. Similarly, the centrifugal force is decreased by the downsizing of a centrifugal pump. The vibrating flow pump (VFP) is one of the inertia-type pumps, but it can make a volume flow wave by its vibrating motion. The short stroke volume and high rate of driving may be notable characteristics for the minimization of the pump. In this study, a prototype VFP was made for a basic performance test. It showed adequate performance for left ventricular assistance and also showed potential for more downsizing. The estimation of the design and the driving stroke of the vibrating tube may be the next step for an advanced VFP system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-106
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Artificial Organs
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Downsizing
  • Miniaturized pump system
  • Totally implantable artificial heart system
  • Vibrating flow pump (VFP)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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