In order to clarify whether the detection of a point mutation in the c-Ki-ras gene at codon 12 in tumor tissues can assist in predicting the tumor's biological grade of malignancy, two types of tumors were investigated; one was called "carcinoma in the pancreatic head region," and the other was intraductal mucin-hypersecreting neoplasm of the pancreas (IMHN). Dot hybridization and a modified PCR technique developed by Haliassos et al. were employed. Among 16 cases of tumors in the pancreatic head region, the point mutation was detected with a high frequency only in pancreatic ductal cell carcinomas (five out of six cases, 83.3%), but was not detected in extrahepatic bile duct carcinomas (0/5) or in ampullary carcinomas (0/5). In pancreatic ductal cell carcinomas, no relation was found between the occurrence of the point mutation and the histological type of the tumor. Among 20 cases of IMHNs, the point mutation was found in 11 cases (55%). No relation was found between the occurrence of the mutation and the size of IMHNs. However, as the grade of cell atypia increased, the frequency of the mutation tended to become higher. These results suggest that detection of this point mutation might be useful for distinguishing pancreatic ductal cell carcinoma from those of other origins in the pancreatic head region, and for the determination of the histopathological grade of malignancy in IMHNs.
- Point mutation
- c-Ki-ras gene
- carcinoma of the pancreatic head region
- intraductal mucin-hypersecreting neoplasm of the pancreas
ASJC Scopus subject areas