The platelet aggregation-inducing factor aggrus/podoplanin promotes pulmonary metastasis

Akiko Kunita, Takeshi G. Kashima, Yasuyuki Morishita, Masashi Fukayama, Yukinari Kato, Takashi Tsuruo, Naoya Fujita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

161 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tumor cell-induced platelet aggregation has been reported to facilitate hematogenous metastasis. Aggrus/podoplanin is a platelet aggregation-inducing factor that is up-regulated in a number of human cancers and has been implicated in tumor progression. We studied herein the role of Aggrus in tumor growth, metastasis, and survival in vivo. Aggrus expression in Chinese hamster ovary cells promoted pulmonary metastasis in both an experimental and a spontaneous mouse model. No differences in the size of metastatic foci or in primary tumor growth were found in either set of mice. Aggrus-expressing cells, which were covered with platelets, arrested in the lung microvasculature 30 minutes after injection. In addition, lung metastasis resulting from Aggrus expression decreased the survival of the mice. By generating several Aggrus point mutants, we revealed that point mutation at the platelet aggregation-stimulating domain of Aggrus (Thr34 and Thr52) obliterated both platelet aggregation and metastasis. Furthermore, administration of aspirin to mice reduced the number of metastatic foci. These results indicate that Aggrus contributes to the establishment of metastasis by promoting platelet aggregation without affecting subsequent growth. Thus, Aggrus could serve as an ideal therapeutic target for drug development to block metastasis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1337-1347
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Volume170
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Apr
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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