The partially dehydrated structure of natural heulandite: An in situ high temperature single crystal X-ray diffraction study

T. M. Khobaer, Takahiro Kuribayashi, Kazuki Komatsu, Yasuhiro Kudoh

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In situ high-temperature crystal structure analysis of natural heulandite with the chemical composition (Na1.14 K0.40 Ca3.64 Sr0.21)(Al9.21 Si26.88) O72.25.2 H2O from Maharastra, India was conducted up to 300 °C. The room-temperature and high-temperature X-ray diffraction intensities of a single crystal were measured using an imaging plate detector coupled with a U-shaped high-temperature furnace. At room temperature, the sample was monoclinic, with C2/m symmetry [a = 17.716(4) Å, b = 17.880(3) Å, c = 7.438(2) Å, and β = 116.43(1)°]. Structural refinement of the data set at room temperature yielded a final R value of R - 0.049 and Rw = 0. 115 for 1663 independent reflections. The crystal structures of the partially dehydrated states at elevated temperatures (100 °C, 150 °C, 200 °C, 250 °C and 300 °C) were refined using C2/m space group. The loss of H2O and the accompanying migration of cations caused a change in the cell parameters: a- and c-axes and the β angle remained invariant, but the b axis decreased, leading to a reduction of the cell volume. Channels A and B became elongated and compressed, respectively, with increasing degree of dehydration. Dehydration began with the loss of H2O coordinated to the Ca1 site in Channel A, defined by 10-membered tetrahedral rings. At 150 °C, the water coordinated to the Ca1 site was expelled radically, and it caused the Ca1 site to migrate to the cavity wall, forming a stronger bond with a tetrahedral framework, whereas the Ca2 site-coordinated water molecules remained in the 8-membered tetrahedral rings with full occupancy. The loss of water at 250 °C from Channel B triggered a structural change: Part of the structure transformed into a heat-collapsed heulandite structure with new T-O-T connections.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-76
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2008


  • Dehydration
  • Heat-collapsed phase B
  • Heulandite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geology


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