The nuclear factor interleukin 3-regulated (NFIL3) transcription factor involved in innate immunity by activating NF-κB pathway in mud crab Scylla paramamosain

Wen Bin Gu, Ze Peng Liu, Yi Lian Zhou, Bo Li, Lan Zhi Wang, Wei Ren Dong, Yu Yin Chen, Miao An Shu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

NFIL3 is a transcriptional activator of the IL-3 promoter in T cells. In vertebrates, it has been characterized as an essential regulator of several cellular processes such as immunity response, apoptosis and NK cells maturation. However, the identification and functional characterization of NFIL3 still remains unclear in arthropods. In this study, the NFIL3 homologue was firstly cloned and characterized in mud crab Scylla paramamosain. The full-length of SpNFIL3 was 2, 041 bp in length with an open reading frame of 1, 509 bp, containing a conserved basic region of leucin zipper domain. The qRT-PCR analysis indicated that SpNFIL3 was significantly highly expressed in hepatopancreas and in hemocytes. Moreover, the SpNFIL3 transcription could be up-regulated after the challenge of Vibrio alginolyticus or virus-analog Poly (I:C). The dual-luciferase reporter assays revealed that SpNFIL3 could activate NF-κB pathway. The immunofluorescence assay indicated SpNFIL3 was located in nucleus. After NFIL3 was interfered in vivo and in vitro, the expressions of two NF-κB members (SpRelish and SpDorsal), six antimicrobial peptide genes (SpCrustin and SpALF2-6) and pro-inflammatory cytokine SpIL-16 were suppressed, and the bacteria clearance capacity of crabs was also markedly impaired in NFIL3 silenced crabs. These results indicated that SpNFIL3 played crucial role in the innate immunity of S. paramamosain and it also brought new insight into the origin and evolution of NFIL3 in arthropods and even in invertebrates.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103452
JournalDevelopmental and Comparative Immunology
Volume101
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Dec
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Developmental Biology

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