The nature of water nucleation sites on TiO2(110) surfaces revealed by ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

Guido Ketteler, Susumu Yamamoto, Hendrik Bluhm, Klas Andersson, David E. Starr, D. Frank Ogletree, Hirohito Ogasawara, Anders Nilsson, Miquel Salmeron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

305 Citations (Scopus)


X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy at ambient conditions of pressure (up to 1.5 Torr) and temperature (265 K < T < 800 K) was used to study the adsorption of water on rutile TiO2(110) under conditions of thermodynamic equilibrium. It was found that OH groups in bridging positions, normally present in small amounts due to residual O-vacancies, act as nucleation sites for subsequent water adsorption. The adsorption enthalpy of water binding to these sites is ∼70 kJ/mol, much stronger than that in the bulk liquid (45 kJ/mol). A model is proposed that relates the structure of the oxide surface to its hydrophilic character.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8278-8282
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jun 14
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


Dive into the research topics of 'The nature of water nucleation sites on TiO<sub>2</sub>(110) surfaces revealed by ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this