The nature of Hα-selected galaxies at z > 2. II. Clumpy galaxies and compact star-forming galaxies

Ken Ichi Tadaki, Tadayuki Kodama, Ichi Tanaka, Masao Hayashi, Yusei Koyama, Rhythm Shimakawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present the morphological properties of Hα-selected galaxies at z > 2 in SXDF-UDS-CANDELS field. With high-resolution optical/near-infrared images obtained by the Hubble Space Telescope, we identify giant clumps within the Hα emitters (HAEs). We find that at least 41% of our sample shows clumpy structures in the underlying disks. The color gradient of clumps is commonly seen in the sense that the clumps near the galactic center tend to be redder than those in the outer regions. The mid-infrared detection in galaxies with red clumps and the spatial distribution of Hα emission suggest that dusty star-formation activity is probably occurring in the nuclear red clumps. A gas supply to a bulge component through clump migration is one of the most potent physical processes for producing such dusty star-forming clumps and forming massive bulges in local early-type galaxies. They would become large quiescent galaxies at later times just by consumption or blowout of remaining gas. Also, while most of the HAEs have extended disks, we observe two massive, compact HAEs whose stellar surface densities are significantly higher. They are likely to be the direct progenitors of massive, compact quiescent galaxies at z = 1.5-2.0. Two evolutionary paths to massive quiescent galaxies are devised to account for both the size growth of quiescent galaxies and their increased number density from z ∼ 2 to z = 0.

Original languageEnglish
Article number77
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume780
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • galaxies: evolution
  • galaxies: high-redshift-galaxies: structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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