We examined total 570 cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples from a variety of diseases, including Alzheimer's disease (AD; n = 236), non-AD-demented and nondemented diseases (n = 239), and normal controls (n = 95) to quantitate levels of tau protein phosphorylated at serine 199 (CSF/p-tau199) by a recently established sandwich ELISA. The CSF/p-tau199 levels in the AD group were significantly elevated compared to those in all the other non-AD groups. Receiver operating characteristics curves showed that the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity for the AD group vs all the other non-AD group using the CSF/p-tau199 were 85. 2% and 85.0%, respectively. Although there was a significant positive correlation between CSF/p-tau199 and CSF total tau (CSF/t-tau) levels in the AD group, CSF/p-tau199 classifies patients with AD and other disorders more accurately than the CSF/t-tau. Our study suggests that CSF/p-tau199 testing will help in supporting antemortem diagnosis of AD and in conducting emerging therapies that should be based on an accurate detection of AD while patients are alive.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Seishin shinkeigaku zasshi = Psychiatria et neurologia Japonica|
|Publication status||Published - 2003 Jan 1|
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