The measurement of phosphorylated tau in human cerebrospinal fluid as a diagnostic marker for Alzheimer's disease

Katsuya Urakami, Noburo Ito, Hiroyuki Arai, Kouichi Ishiguro, Hideto Ohno, Kenji Nakashima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We examined total 570 cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples from a variety of diseases, including Alzheimer's disease (AD; n = 236), non-AD-demented and nondemented diseases (n = 239), and normal controls (n = 95) to quantitate levels of tau protein phosphorylated at serine 199 (CSF/p-tau199) by a recently established sandwich ELISA. The CSF/p-tau199 levels in the AD group were significantly elevated compared to those in all the other non-AD groups. Receiver operating characteristics curves showed that the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity for the AD group vs all the other non-AD group using the CSF/p-tau199 were 85. 2% and 85.0%, respectively. Although there was a significant positive correlation between CSF/p-tau199 and CSF total tau (CSF/t-tau) levels in the AD group, CSF/p-tau199 classifies patients with AD and other disorders more accurately than the CSF/t-tau. Our study suggests that CSF/p-tau199 testing will help in supporting antemortem diagnosis of AD and in conducting emerging therapies that should be based on an accurate detection of AD while patients are alive.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)393-397
Number of pages5
JournalSeishin shinkeigaku zasshi = Psychiatria et neurologia Japonica
Volume105
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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