The long-term clinical course of pouchitis after total proctocolectomy and IPAA for ulcerative colitis

Hideyuki Suzuki, Hitoshi Ogawa, Chikashi Shibata, Sho Haneda, Kazuhiro Watanabe, Ken Ichi Takahashi, Yuji Funayama, Iwao Sasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Pouchitis is the most common long-term complication after restorative total proctocolectomy and IPAA for ulcerative colitis. OBJECTIVE: We examined the incidence, clinical aspects, and long-term outcome of patients with idiopathic pouchitis. DESIGN: This study was a retrospective review of medical records. PATIENTS: Included in the study were 284 patients with ulcerative colitis who underwent a total proctocolectomy and IPAA. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We evaluated the cumulative risk and long-term outcome of pouchitis including the duration of disease, pattern of relapse, and responsiveness to antibiotic therapy. RESULTS: Sixty-four patients developed idiopathic pouchitis. The cumulative risk was 10.7% at 1 year, 17.2% at 2 years, 24.0% at 5 years, and 38.2% at 10 years. At their first pouchitis episode, 45 patients had acute pouchitis, 19 patients had chronic pouchitis, and all patients received antibiotic therapy with oral ciprofloxacin and/or metronidazole. The efficacy of the therapy was 96.6% initially. Forty-five patients had antibiotic-responsive pouchitis, 17 patients had antibiotic-dependent pouchitis, and 2 patients had antibiotic-refractory pouchitis at their first episode. Whereas 20 of 45 patients (44.4%) with initially acute pouchitis experienced 2 or more relapses, 16 of 19 patients (84.2%) with initially chronic pouchitis had 2 or more relapses. After taking into account the relapses, the number of patients with antibiotic-responsive pouchitis decreased from 45 to 40, the number with antibioticdependent pouchitis increased from 17 to 20, and the number with antibiotic-refractory pouchitis increased from 2 to 4. Among the 4 patients with antibioticrefractory pouchitis, 3 patients had Clostridium difficileassociated pouchitis. LIMITATIONS: This study was retrospective. CONCLUSION: The patients with chronic pouchitis at the first episode tend to have a higher incidence of relapse. In some patients, the responsiveness to antibiotic therapy changes during follow-up. When patients with pouchitis do not respond to standard antibiotic therapy, then the occurrence of C difficile infection should be considered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)330-336
Number of pages7
JournalDiseases of the Colon and Rectum
Volume55
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Mar

Keywords

  • Incidence
  • Long-term outcome
  • Pouchitis
  • Therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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