The locational patterns of branch offices of enterprises in Fukushima Prefecture, Tohoku region, northeast Japan

H. Ikezawa, M. Hino

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Examines the relationship between the centrality of cities and the agglomeration of branch offices of enterprises in Fukushima Prefecture and identifies the characteristics of a city that should be considered essential in the locating of branch offices. Prefectural capitals do not always become the cities with the largest agglomerations of branch offices within their prefectures. In many prefectures the capitals are located centrally and become primary cities in terms of population and commercial sales. Within such prefectures, many branch offices of nationwide enterprises are concentrated in them. Fukushima provides an interesting case study for looking at which city is generally evaluated as the prefectural centre by large enterprises in Fukushima Prefecture, and what characteristics of a city are considered essential for locating branch offices. The following findings were obtained: Koriyama is the city with the largest agglomeration of branch offices in Fukushima Prefecture; the advantage gained in accessibility in the prefecture results in the many branch offices concentrated in Koriyama. It is located in the central area and is the nodal point of traffic networks within the prefecture; concerning the hierarchy of branch offices, a large number of branch offices of nationwide companies in Koriyama and Fukushima are under the supervision of the first-tier branch offices located in Sendai. As far as the branch offices of the nationwide companies are concerned, many of those in the two cities can be characterised as second-tier branch offices. It can be pointed out that the hierarchical connections between Sendai, Koriyama and Fukushima have been strengthened through the location of branch offices by nationwide companies. Likewise, the hierarchical relationships among Koriyama, Iwaki and Aizuwakamatsu can be established. -from English summary

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)529-547
Number of pages19
JournalGeographical Review of Japan, Series A
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Earth-Surface Processes


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