The present study involves the construction of a measure called the Japanese version of the Parental Meta-Emotion Philosophy about Anger Questionnaire (PMEPA－J) and examination of its reliability and validity. Participants consisted of 272 mothers of children aged 2－5 years who completed the PMEPA-J and other questionnaires. Confirmation factor analysis yielded a 19-item, 4－factor structure with the following factors: Coaching, Non-Involvement, Dysfunction, and Dismissing. Cronbach’s α values were .75−.89 and ωvalues were .78−.89, which indicated adequate internal consistency. The sub-scales were correlated in the expected directions with other measures in the Parental Attitude and Parenting Self-Efficacy Scales. Coaching was significantly positively correlated with “Parenting Self-Efficacy”, “Acceptance and Child-Centeredness” and negatively correlated with “Inconsistent and Lax Discipline” as well as “Control”. In contrast, Non-Involvement, Dysfunction, and Dismissing were significantly negatively correlated with “Parenting Self-Efficacy”, “Acceptance and Child-Centeredness” and positively correlated with “Inconsistent and Lax Discipline” as well as “Control”.
- Meta-emotion philosophy
- Parental emotion socialization
ASJC Scopus subject areas