Disruption of the DNA mismatch repair system, characterized by microsatellite instability (MI), plays an important role in the course of human carcinogenesis. Repetitive sequences constitute targets for mutation in MI+ cells, and frequent mutations have indeed been reported in such regions within the transforming growth factor β receptor II (RII) gene in genetically unstable colorectal and gastric cancers. However, other genes that are targets for mutations in MI+ cells during the course of carcinogenesis have proven elusive. Because the insulin-like growth factor II receptor (IGFIIR) gene contains several repetitive sequences within its coding region, we examined mutations of this gene in MI+ cancers occurring at various primary sites. We found frameshift mutations in the poly(G)8 tract of IGFIIR in eight tumors, all of which were MI+: 4 of 26 (15%) MI + endometrial cancers, 3 of 12 (25%) MI + gastric cancers, and 1 of 18 (6%) MI+ colorectal cancers. In contrast, no mutation was found in 51 pancreatic cancers, 7 of which (14%) were MI+. These results implicate abnormal IGFIIR- mediated growth control in carcinogenesis involving the endometrium, stomach, and colorectum but not the pancreas.
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - 1997 May 15|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research