The impacts of recent smoking control policies on individual smoking choice: The case of Japan

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article comprehensively examines the impact of recent smoking control policies in Japan, increases in cigarette taxes and the enforcement of the Health Promotion Law, on individual smoking choice by using multi-year and nationwide individual survey data to overcome the analytical problems of previous Japanese studies. In the econometric analyses, I specify a simple binary choice model based on a random utility model to examine the effects of smoking control policies on individual smoking choice by employing the instrumental variable probit model to control for the endogeneity of cigarette prices. The empirical results show that an increase in cigarette prices statistically significantly reduces the smoking probability of males by 1.0 percent and that of females by 1.4 to 2.0 percent. The enforcement of the Health Promotion Law has a statistically significant effect on reducing the smoking probability of males by 15.2 percent and of females by 11.9 percent. Furthermore, an increase in cigarette prices has a statistically significant negative effect on the smoking probability of office workers, non-workers, male manual workers, and female unemployed people, and the enforcement of the Health Promotion Law has a statistically significant effect on decreasing the smoking probabilities of office workers, female manual workers, and male non-workers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalHealth Economics Review
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Cigarette tax/price increase
  • Instrumental variable probit
  • Smoking
  • The health promotion law

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy

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