Objective To investigate the impact of preoperative identification of the Adamkiewicz artery (AKA) on prevention of spinal cord injury (SCI) through the multicenter Japanese Study of Spinal Cord Protection in Descending and Thoracoabdominal Aortic Repair (JASPAR) registry. Methods Between January 2000 and October 2011, 2435 descending/thoracoabdominal aortic repairs were performed, including 1998 elective repairs and 437 urgent repairs, in 14 major centers in Japan. The mean patient age was 67 ± 13 years, and 74.2% were males. There were 1471 open repairs (ORs), including 748 descending and 137 thoracoabdominal extent [Ex] I, 136 Ex II, 194 Ex III, 115 Ex IV, and 138 Ex V, and 964 endovascular repairs (EVRs). Of the 2435 patients, 1252 (51%) underwent preoperative magnetic resonance or computed tomography angiography to identify the AKA. Results The AKA was identified in 1096 of the 1252 patients who underwent preoperative imaging (87.6%). Hospital mortality was 9.2% (n = 136) in those who underwent OR and 6.4% (n = 62) in those who underwent EVR. The incidence of SCI was 7.3% in the OR group (descending, 4.2%; Ex I, 9.4%; Ex II, 14.0%; Ex III, 14.4%; Ex IV, 4.2 %; Ex V, 7.2%) and 2.9% in the EVR group. The risk factors for SCI in ORs were advanced age, extended repair, emergency, and occluded bilateral hypogastric arteries. In ORs of the aortic segment involving the AKA, having no AKA reconstruction was a significant risk factor for SCI (odds ratio, 2.79, 95% confidence interval, 1.14-6.79; P =.024). Conclusions In descending/thoracoabdominal aortic repairs, preoperative AKA identification with its adequate reconstruction or preservation, especially, in ORs of aortic pathologies involving the AKA, would be a useful adjunct for more secure spinal cord protection.
- Adamkiewicz artery
- spinal cord protection
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine