The immunosuppressive effect of domain-deleted dimer of HLA-G2 isoform in collagen-induced arthritis mice

Ami Takahashi, Kimiko Kuroki, Yuki Okabe, Yoshiyuki Kasai, Naoki Matsumoto, Chisato Yamada, Toshiyuki Takai, Toyoyuki Ose, Shigeyuki Kon, Tadashi Matsuda, Katsumi Maenaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


HLA-G is involved in maternal-fetal immune tolerance and is reported to be a natural tolerogenic molecule. Seven-spliced isoforms including dimeric and β2m-free forms have been identified. The major isoform, HLA-G1 (and its soluble type HLA-G5), binds to the inhibitory immune receptors, leukocyte immunoglobulin (Ig)-like receptor (LILR) B1 and LILRB2. We previously reported that HLA-G1 also binds to paired Ig-like receptor (PIR)-B, a mouse homolog of LILRBs, and had a significant immunosuppressive effect in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mice. Although HLA-G2 and its soluble form HLA-G6 bind specifically to LILRB2, its functional characteristics are largely unknown. In this study, we report the significant immunosuppressive effect of HLA-G2 dimer in CIA mice. Surface plasmon resonance analysis revealed a specific interaction of HLA-G2 with PIR-B. CIA mice were administered HLA-G2 protein subcutaneously once in the left footpad and clinical severity was evaluated in a double-blind study. A single administration of HLA-G2 maintained a suppressive effect for over 1 month. These results suggested that the HLA-G2 protein might be a useful biopharmaceutical for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis by binding to inhibitory PIR-B.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)754-759
Number of pages6
JournalHuman Immunology
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Sep 1


  • CIA mice
  • HLA-G2
  • Immunosuppression
  • PIR-B

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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