The HERMES Spectrometer

K. Ackerstaff, A. Airapetian, N. Akopov, M. Amarian, V. Andreev, E. C. Aschenauer, R. Avakian, H. Avakian, A. Avetissian, B. Bains, S. Barrow, W. Beckhusen, M. Beckmann, S. Belostotski, E. Belz, T. Benisch, S. Bernreuther, N. Bianchi, J. Blouw, H. BöttcherA. Borissov, J. Brack, B. Braun, B. Bray, S. Brons, W. Brückner, A. Brüll, H. J. Bulten, G. P. Capitani, P. Carter, P. Chumney, E. Cisbani, S. Clark, S. Colilli, H. Coombes, G. R. Court, P. Delheij, E. Devitsin, C. W. de Jager, E. de Sanctis, D. de Schepper, P. K.A. de Witt Huberts, P. di Nezza, M. Doetse, M. Düren, A. Dvoredsky, G. Elbakian, J. Emerson, A. Fantoni, A. Fechtchenko, M. Ferstl, D. Fick, K. Fiedler, B. W. Filippone, H. Fischer, H. T. Fortune, J. Franz, S. Frullani, M. A. Funk, N. D. Gagunashvili, P. Galumian, H. Gao, Y. Gärber, F. Garibaldi, G. Gavrilov, P. Geiger, V. Gharibyan, V. Giordjian, F. Giuliani, A. Golendoukhin, B. Grabowski, G. Graw, O. Grebeniouk, P. Green, G. Greeniaus, M. Gricia, C. Grosshauser, A. Gute, J. P. Haas, K. Hakelberg, W. Haeberliq, J. O. Hansen, D. Hasch, O. Hausse, R. Henderson, T. Henkes, R. Hertenbergern, Y. Holler, R. J. Holt, H. Ihssen, A. Izotov, M. Iodice, H. E. Jackson, A. Jgoun, C. Jones, R. Kaise, J. Kelsey, E. Kinney, M. Kirsch, A. Kisselev, P. Kitching, H. Kobayashi, E. Kok, K. Königsmann, M. Kolsteine, H. Kolster, W. Korsch, S. Kozlov, V. Kozlov, R. Kowalczyk, L. Krame, B. Krause, A. Krivchitch, V. G. Krivokhijine, M. Kueckes, P. Kutt, G. Kyle, W. Lachnit, R. Langstaff, W. Lorenzonh, M. Lucentini, A. Lungo, N. Makins, V. Maleev, S. I. Manaenkov, K. Martens, A. Mateos, K. McIlhany, R. D. McKeown, F. Meißner, F. Menden, D. Mercer, A. Metz, N. Meyners, O. Mikloukho, C. A. Miller, M. A. Miller, R. Milner, V. Mitsyn, G. Modrak, J. Morton, A. Most, R. Mozzetti, V. Muccifora, A. Nagaitsev, Y. Naryshkin, A. M. Nathan, F. Neunreither, M. Niczyporukx, W. D. Nowak, M. Nupieri, P. Oelwein, H. Ogami, T. G. O'Neill, R. Openshaw, V. Papavassiliou, S. F. Pate, S. Patrichev, M. Pitt, H. J. Plett, H. R. Poolman, S. Potashov, D. Potterveld, B. Povh, V. Prahl, G. Rakness, V. Razmyslovich, R. Redwine, A. R. Reolon, R. Ristinen, K. Rith, H. O. Roloff, G. Röper, P. Rossi, S. Rudnitsky, H. Russo, D. Ryckbosch, Y. Sakemi, F. Santavenere, I. Savin, F. Schmidt, H. Schmitti, G. Schnell, K. P. Schüler, A. Schwind, T. A. Shibata, T. Shin, B. Siebels, A. Simon, K. Sinram, W. R. Smythe, J. Sowinski, M. Spengos, K. Sperber, E. Steffens, J. Stenger, J. Stewart, F. Stoc, U. Stößlein, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, S. Taroian, A. Terkulov, D. Thiessen, B. Tipton, V. Trofimov, A. Trudel, M. Tytgat, G. M. Urciuoli, R. van de Vyver, J. F.J. van den Brand, G. van der Steenhoven, J. J. van Hunen, D. van Westrum, A. Vassiliev, M. C. Vetterli, M. G. Vincter, E. Volk, W. Wander, T. P. Welch, S. E. Williamson, T. Wise, G. Wöbke, K. Woller, S. Yoneyama, K. Zapfe-Düren, T. Zeuli, H. Zohrabian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

337 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The HERMES experiment is collecting data on inclusive and semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering of polarised positrons from polarised targets of H, D, and 3He. These data give information on the spin structure of the nucleon. This paper describes the forward angle spectrometer built for this purpose. The spectrometer includes numerous tracking chambers (micro-strip gas chambers, drift and proportional chambers) in front of and behind a 1.3 T.m magnetic field, as well as an extensive set of detectors for particle identification (a lead-glass calorimeter, a pre-shower detector, a transition radiation detector, and a threshold Cherenkov detector). Two of the main features of the spectrometer are its good acceptance and identification of both positrons and hadrons, in particular pions. These characteristics, together with the purity of the targets, are allowing HERMES to make unique contributions to the understanding of how the spins of the quarks contribute to the spin of the nucleon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)230-265
Number of pages36
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume417
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Nov 11

Keywords

  • (e,e'h)
  • Deep inelastic lepton scattering
  • Magnetic Spectrometer
  • Semi-inclusive scattering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

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  • Cite this

    Ackerstaff, K., Airapetian, A., Akopov, N., Amarian, M., Andreev, V., Aschenauer, E. C., Avakian, R., Avakian, H., Avetissian, A., Bains, B., Barrow, S., Beckhusen, W., Beckmann, M., Belostotski, S., Belz, E., Benisch, T., Bernreuther, S., Bianchi, N., Blouw, J., ... Zohrabian, H. (1998). The HERMES Spectrometer. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 417(2-3), 230-265. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-9002(98)00769-4