The heavy metal partition in size-fractions of the fine particles in agricultural soils contaminated by waste water and smelter dust

Haibo Zhang, Yongming Luo, Tomoyuki Makino, Longhua Wu, Masami Nanzyo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The partitioning of pollutant in the size-fractions of fine particles is particularly important to its migration and bioavailability in soil environment. However, the impact of pollution sources on the partitioning was seldom addressed in the previous studies. In this study, the method of continuous flow ultra-centrifugation was developed to separate three size fractions (<1. μm, <0.6. μm and <0.2. μm) of the submicron particles from the soil polluted by wastewater and smelter dust respectively. The mineralogy and physicochemical properties of each size-fraction were characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscope etc. Total content of the polluted metals and their chemical speciation were measured. A higher enrichment factor of the metals in the fractions of <1. μm or less were observed in the soil contaminated by wastewater than by smelter dust. The organic substance in the wastewater and calcite from lime application were assumed to play an important role in the metal accumulation in the fine particles of the wastewater polluted soil. While the metal accumulation in the fine particles of the smelter dust polluted soil is mainly associated with Mn oxides. Cadmium speciation in both soils is dominated by dilute acid soluble form and lead speciation in the smelter dust polluted soil is dominated by reducible form in all particles. This implied that the polluted soils might be a high risk to human health and ecosystem due to the high bioaccessblity of the metals as well as the mobility of the fine particles in soil.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-312
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume248-249
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Mar 5

Keywords

  • Continuous flow ultra-centrifugation
  • Pollution sources
  • Sequential extraction
  • Size-fraction
  • Soil colloids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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